COVID-19 Healthshots: Spiking a major focus on Men’s Health

COVID-19 Healthshots

COVID-19 is putting a focus on the local, state, national, and global disregard of men’s health. Despite no clear sex differences in the number of confirmed cases, more men than women have died of COVID-19 in 41 of 47 countries. The COVID-19 case-fatality ratio is approximately 2.4 times higher among men than among women. This is according to the largest body of available sex-disaggregated data from global government sources.

The case-fatality ratio was higher among men (2.8%) than women (36.2%). It states from the biggest survey of 72,314 suspected or confirmed COVID-19 cases in China (men 63.8 per cent of cases; women 36.2 per cent of cases).

Another research of sick patients in China found that men with diseases. It includes hypertension, cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, and diabetes. These patients had the highest fatality rates. Similar trends happened in the US as well.

The usefulness of including a gender analysis into preparedness and response activities. It is to improve the effectiveness of health interventions and promote gender and health equity goals like in previous outbreaks.

Factors Affecting COVID-19 Mortality Among Men

Although several data suggest a difference in mortality rates between men and women among persons diagnosed with COVID-19. Yet, the mechanisms underlying these disparities are unknown. 

We must consider how sex-associated biological factors and behavioural factors interact in determining health. And also explaining COVID-19–associated mortality because most health patterns are the result of a combination of biological, behavioural, and psychosocial factors.

Psychosocial and behavioural factors

COVID-19 development influences the psychological, social, and behavioural factors besides sex differences. It happens due to immune responses, hormones, and DNA. Men, in comparison to women, are more likely to take part in high-risk behaviours that increase their chances of getting COVID-19. Early in the initial wave of COVID-19 cases in the United Kingdom, polls revealed gender variations during the serious times. 

Another study revealed that males were more likely than women to discount the virus’s potential to harm them. Also, fewer men than women reported avoiding big public gatherings or close physical contact with others. Furthermore, in several countries, men have greater rates of behaviours related to COVID-19 infection.

Health promotion and preventive care

Clinicians should assess risks in men who have a history of a chronic condition or disease. They should also optimise anti-hypertensive and statin therapy as needed. It is best to provide behavioural and pharmacotherapy for tobacco use cessation, educate on healthy diets rich in vegetables, legumes, grains, fruits, and nuts, and make exercise recommendations. 

Clinics should urge males to take part in behavioural therapies that target psychological elements. It includes self-efficacy and motivation that can help them improve their lifestyles and maintain them over time.